Photoswitchable nanoparticles for in vivo cancer chemotherapy
Author(s)Tong, Rong; Chiang, Homer H.; Kohane, Daniel S.
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There are many obstacles to effective cancer chemotherapy, including drug penetration and accumulation in tumors and drug systemic toxicity. The penetration of therapies into tumors is limited by the dense tumor matrix and by compression of the tumor vasculature. We have developed spiropyran-based nanoparticles that shrink from 103 to 49 nm upon irradiation at 365 nm. That shrinkage enhanced tissue penetration and drug release. Irradiation of s.c. HT-1080 tumors in nude mice administered i.v. docetaxel-containing nanoparticles was more effective treatment than free docetaxel or encapsulated docetaxel without irradiation. Irradiation at the tumor site also resulted in less systemic toxicity than if the nanoparticles were irradiated before injection, presumably because of less systemically distributed free drug. The enhanced efficacy of nanoparticles in irradiated tumors may have been related to the observed enhanced tumor penetration by nanoparticles and decompression of tumor blood vessels, which may also increase nanoparticle delivery into tumors.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Tong, R., H. H. Chiang, and D. S. Kohane. “Photoswitchable Nanoparticles for in Vivo Cancer Chemotherapy.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110, no. 47 (November 4, 2013): 19048–19053.
Final published version