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dc.contributor.authorDemory, Marie-Estelle
dc.contributor.authorEltahir, Elfatih A. B.
dc.contributor.authorSiam, Mohamed Salah
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-28T17:14:52Z
dc.date.available2014-08-28T17:14:52Z
dc.date.issued2013-11
dc.date.submitted2013-01
dc.identifier.issn0894-8755
dc.identifier.issn1520-0442
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/89093
dc.description.abstractThe simulations and predictions of the hydrological cycle by general circulation models (GCMs) are characterized by a significant degree of uncertainty. This uncertainty is reflected in the range of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) GCM predictions of future changes in the hydrological cycle, particularly over major African basins. The confidence in GCM predictions can be increased by evaluating different GCMs, identifying those models that succeed in simulating the hydrological cycle under current climate conditions, and using them for climate change studies. Reanalyses are often used to validate GCMs, but they also suffer from an inaccurate representation of the hydrological cycle. In this study, the aim is to identify GCMs and reanalyses' products that provide a realistic representation of the hydrological cycle over the Congo and upper Blue Nile (UBN) basins. Atmospheric and soil water balance constraints are employed to evaluate the models' ability to reproduce the observed streamflow, which is the most accurate measurement of the hydrological cycle. Among the ECMWF Interim Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim), NCEP–NCAR reanalysis, and 40-yr ECWMF Re-Analysis (ERA-40), ERA-Interim shows the best performance over these basins: it balances the water budgets and accurately represents the seasonal cycle of the hydrological variables. The authors find that most GCMs used by the IPCC overestimate the hydrological cycle compared to observations. They observe some improvement in the simulated hydrological cycle with increased horizontal resolution, which suggests that some of the high-resolution GCMs are better suited for climate change studies over Africa.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUnited States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Scienceen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Meteorological Societyen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-12-00404.1en_US
dc.rightsArticle is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use.en_US
dc.sourceAmerican Meteorological Societyen_US
dc.titleHydrological Cycles over the Congo and Upper Blue Nile Basins: Evaluation of General Circulation Model Simulations and Reanalysis Productsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationSiam, Mohamed S., Marie-Estelle Demory, and Elfatih A. B. Eltahir. “Hydrological Cycles over the Congo and Upper Blue Nile Basins: Evaluation of General Circulation Model Simulations and Reanalysis Products.” J. Climate 26, no. 22 (November 2013): 8881–8894. © 2013 American Meteorological Societyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Parsons Laboratory for Environmental Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorSiam, Mohamed Salahen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorEltahir, Elfatih A. B.en_US
dc.relation.journalJournal of Climateen_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden_US
dspace.orderedauthorsSiam, Mohamed S.; Demory, Marie-Estelle; Eltahir, Elfatih A. B.en_US
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4562-6555
mit.licensePUBLISHER_POLICYen_US


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