Regulation of Monocyte Functional Heterogeneity by miR-146a and Relb
Author(s)Etzrodt, Martin; Cortez-Retamozo, Virna; Newton, Andita; Zhao, Jimmy; Ng, Aylwin C. Y.; Wildgruber, Moritz; Romero, Pedro; Wurdinger, Thomas; Xavier, Ramnik; Geissmann, Frederic; Meylan, Etienne; Nahrendorf, Matthias; Swirski, Filip K.; Baltimore, David; Weissleder, Ralph; Pittet, Mikael J.; ... Show more Show less
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Monocytes serve as a central defense system against infection and injury but can also promote pathological inflammatory responses. Considering the evidence that monocytes exist in at least two subsets committed to divergent functions, we investigated whether distinct factors regulate the balance between monocyte subset responses in vivo. We identified a microRNA (miRNA), miR-146a, which is differentially regulated both in mouse (Ly-6C[superscript hi]/Ly-6C[superscript lo]) and human (CD14[superscript hi]/CD14[superscript lo]CD16[superscript +]) monocyte subsets. The single miRNA controlled the amplitude of the Ly-6C[superscript hi] monocyte response during inflammatory challenge whereas it did not affect Ly-6C[superscript lo] cells. miR-146a-mediated regulation was cell-intrinsic and depended on Relb, a member of the noncanonical NF-κB/Rel family, which we identified as a direct miR-146a target. These observations not only provide mechanistic insights into the molecular events that regulate responses mediated by committed monocyte precursor populations but also identify targets for manipulating Ly-6C[superscript hi] monocyte responses while sparing Ly-6C[superscript lo] monocyte activity.
DepartmentInstitute for Medical Engineering and Science
Etzrodt, Martin, Virna Cortez-Retamozo, Andita Newton, Jimmy Zhao, Aylwin Ng, Moritz Wildgruber, Pedro Romero, et al. “Regulation of Monocyte Functional Heterogeneity by miR-146a and Relb.” Cell Reports 1, no. 4 (April 2012): 317–324.
Final published version