Particle-Level Modeling of the Charge-Discharge Behavior of Nanoparticulate Phase-Separating Li-Ion Battery Electrodes
Author(s)Orvananos, Bernardo; Ferguson, Todd Richard; Yu, Hui-Chia; Bazant, Martin Z.; Thornton, Katsuyo
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In nanoparticulate phase-separating electrodes, phase separation inside the particles can be hindered during their charge/discharge cycles even when a thermodynamic driving force for phase separation exists. In such cases, particles may (de)lithiate discretely in a process referred to as mosaic instability. This instability could be the key to elucidating the complex charge/discharge dynamics in nanoparticulate phase-separating electrodes. In this paper, the dynamics of the mosaic instability is studied using Smoothed Boundary Method simulations at the particle level, where the concentration and electrostatic potential fields are spatially resolved around individual particles. Two sets of configurations consisting of spherical particles with an identical radius are employed to study the instability in detail. The effect of an activity-dependent exchange current density on the mosaic instability, which leads to asymmetric charge/discharge, is also studied. While we show that our model reproduces the results of a porous-electrode model for the simple setup studied here, it is a powerful framework with the capability to predict the detailed dynamics in three-dimensional complex electrodes and provides further insights into the complex dynamics that result from the coupling of electrochemistry, thermodynamics, and transport kinetics.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mathematics
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Orvananos, B., T. R. Ferguson, H.-C. Yu, M. Z. Bazant, and K. Thornton. “Particle-Level Modeling of the Charge-Discharge Behavior of Nanoparticulate Phase-Separating Li-Ion Battery Electrodes.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 161, no. 4 (January 31, 2014):