Relationships Between the Built Environment and Walking and Weight Status Among Older Women in Three U.S. States
Author(s)Troped, Philip J.; Starnes, Heather A.; Puett, Robin C.; Tamura, Kosuke; Cromley, Ellen K.; James, Peter; Ben-Joseph, Eran; Melly, Steven J.; Laden, Francine; ... Show more Show less
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There are few studies of built environment associations with physical activity and weight status among older women in large geographic areas that use individual residential buffers to define environmental exposures. Among 23,434 women (70.0 ± 6.9 yr; range = 57–85) in 3 states, relationships between objective built environment variables and meeting physical activity recommendations via walking and weight status were examined. Differences in associations by population density and state were explored in stratified models. Population density (odds ratio [OR] = 1.04 [1.02, 1.07]), intersection density (ORs = 1.18–1.28), and facility density (ORs = 1.01–1.53) were positively associated with walking. Density of physical activity facilities was inversely associated with overweight/obesity (OR = 0.69 [0.49, 0.96]). The strongest associations between facility density variables and both outcomes were found among women from higher population density areas. There was no clear pattern of differences in associations across states. Among older women, relationships between accessible facilities and walking may be most important in more densely populated settings.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Human Kinetics, Inc.
Troped, Philip J., Heather A. Starnes, Robin C. Puett, Kosuke Tamura, Ellen K. Cromley, Peter James, Eran Ben-Joseph, Steven J. Melly, and Francine Laden. “Relationships Between the Built Environment and Walking and Weight Status Among Older Women in Three U.S. States.” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 22, no. 1 (January 1, 2014): 114–125.
Author's final manuscript