THE X-RAY PROPERTIES OF THE BLACK HOLE TRANSIENT MAXI J1659-152 IN QUIESCENCE
Author(s)Homan, Jeroen; Fridriksson, Joel K.; Jonker, P. G.; Russell, David M.; Gallo, Elena; Kuulkers, Erik; Rea, Nanda; Altamirano, Diego; ... Show more Show less
MetadataShow full item record
We present new Chandra X-ray observations of the transient black hole X-ray binary MAXI J1659-152 in quiescence. These observations were made more than one year after the end of the source's 2010-2011 outburst. We detect the source at a 0.5-10 keV flux of 2.8(8) × 10[superscript –15] erg s[superscript –1] cm[superscript –2], which corresponds to a luminosity of ~1.2 × 10[superscript 31] (d/6 kpc)[superscript 2] erg s[superscript –1]. This level, while being the lowest at which the source has been detected, is within factors of ~2 of the levels seen at the end of the initial decay of the outburst and soon after a major reflare of the source. The quiescent luminosity of MAXI J1659-152, which is the shortest-orbital-period black hole X-ray binary (~2.4 hr), is lower than that of neutron-star X-ray binaries with similar periods. However, it is higher than the quiescent luminosities found for black hole X-ray binaries with orbital periods ~2-4 times longer. This could imply that a minimum quiescent luminosity may exist for black hole X-ray binaries, around orbital periods of ~5-10 hr, as predicted by binary-evolution models for the mass transfer rate. Compared to the hard state, we see a clear softening of the power-law spectrum in quiescence, from an index of 1.55(4) to an index of 2.5(4). We constrain the luminosity range in which this softening starts to (0.18-6.2) × 10[superscript –5] (d/6 kpc)[superscript 2] (M/8 M ☉) L [subscript Edd], which is consistent with the ranges inferred for other sources.
DepartmentMIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research
Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society
Homan, Jeroen, Joel K. Fridriksson, Peter G. Jonker, David M. Russell, Elena Gallo, Erik Kuulkers, Nanda Rea, and Diego Altamirano. “THE X-RAY PROPERTIES OF THE BLACK HOLE TRANSIENT MAXI J1659-152 IN QUIESCENCE.” The Astrophysical Journal 775, no. 1 (August 28, 2013): 9. ©2013 American Astronomical Society.
Final published version