Time representation in reinforcement learning models of the basal ganglia
Author(s)Gershman, Samuel J.; Moustafa, Ahmed A.; Ludvig, Elliot A.
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Reinforcement learning (RL) models have been influential in understanding many aspects of basal ganglia function, from reward prediction to action selection. Time plays an important role in these models, but there is still no theoretical consensus about what kind of time representation is used by the basal ganglia. We review several theoretical accounts and their supporting evidence. We then discuss the relationship between RL models and the timing mechanisms that have been attributed to the basal ganglia. We hypothesize that a single computational system may underlie both RL and interval timing—the perception of duration in the range of seconds to hours. This hypothesis, which extends earlier models by incorporating a time-sensitive action selection mechanism, may have important implications for understanding disorders like Parkinson's disease in which both decision making and timing are impaired.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
Frontiers Research Foundation
Gershman, Samuel J., Ahmed A. Moustafa, and Elliot A. Ludvig. “Time Representation in Reinforcement Learning Models of the Basal Ganglia.” Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 7 (2014).
Final published version