A 189 MHz, 2400 Deg[superscript 2] POLARIZATION SURVEY WITH THE MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY 32-ELEMENT PROTOTYPE
Author(s)Williams, Christopher Leigh; Goeke, Robert F.; Hewitt, Jacqueline N.; Morgan, Edward H.; Remillard, Ronald Alan; Cappallo, Roger J.; Corey, Brian E.; Kincaid, Barton B.; Kratzenberg, Eric W.; Lonsdale, Colin John; McWhirter, Stephen R.; Rogers, Alan E. E.; Salah, J. E.; Whitney, Alan R.; ... Show more Show less
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We present a Stokes I, Q and U survey at 189 MHz with the Murchison Widefield Array 32 element prototype covering 2400 deg[superscript 2]. The survey has a 15.6 arcmin angular resolution and achieves a noise level of 15 mJy beam[superscript –1]. We demonstrate a novel interferometric data analysis that involves calibration of drift scan data, integration through the co-addition of warped snapshot images, and deconvolution of the point-spread function through forward modeling. We present a point source catalog down to a flux limit of 4 Jy. We detect polarization from only one of the sources, PMN J0351-2744, at a level of 1.8% ± 0.4%, whereas the remaining sources have a polarization fraction below 2%. Compared to a reported average value of 7% at 1.4 GHz, the polarization fraction of compact sources significantly decreases at low frequencies. We find a wealth of diffuse polarized emission across a large area of the survey with a maximum peak of ~13 K, primarily with positive rotation measure values smaller than +10 rad m[superscript –2]. The small values observed indicate that the emission is likely to have a local origin (closer than a few hundred parsecs). There is a large sky area at α ≥ 2[superscript h]30[superscript m] where the diffuse polarized emission rms is fainter than 1 K. Within this area of low Galactic polarization we characterize the foreground properties in a cold sky patch at (α, δ) = (4[superscript h], –27[° over .]6) in terms of three-dimensional power spectra.
DepartmentHaystack Observatory; Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research
The Astrophysical Journal
Bernardi, G., L. J. Greenhill, D. A. Mitchell, S. M. Ord, B. J. Hazelton, B. M. Gaensler, A. de Oliveira-Costa, et al. “A 189 MHz, 2400 Deg[superscript 2] POLARIZATION SURVEY WITH THE MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY 32-ELEMENT PROTOTYPE.” The Astrophysical Journal 771, no. 2 (June 24, 2013): 105. © 2013 The American Astronomical Society
Final published version