HIGH-REDSHIFT COOL-CORE GALAXY CLUSTERS DETECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY
Author(s)Bautz, Marshall W.; McDonald, Michael A.
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We report the first investigation of cool-core properties of galaxy clusters selected via their Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. We use 13 galaxy clusters uniformly selected from 178 deg[superscript 2] observed with the South Pole Telescope (SPT) and followed up by the Chandra X-ray Observatory. They form an approximately mass-limited sample (>3 × 10[superscript 14] M ☉ h[superscript –1][subscript 70]) spanning redshifts 0.3 < z < 1.1. Using previously published X-ray-selected cluster samples, we compare two proxies of cool-core strength: surface brightness concentration (c[subscript SB]) and cuspiness (α). We find that c[subscript SB] is better constrained. We measure c[subscript SB] for the SPT sample and find several new z > 0.5 cool-core clusters, including two strong cool cores. This rules out the hypothesis that there are no z > 0.5 clusters that qualify as strong cool cores at the 5.4σ level. The fraction of strong cool-core clusters in the SPT sample in this redshift regime is between 7% and 56% (95% confidence). Although the SPT selection function is significantly different from the X-ray samples, the high-z c [subscript SB] distribution for the SPT sample is statistically consistent with that of X-ray-selected samples at both low and high redshifts. The cool-core strength is inversely correlated with the offset between the brightest cluster galaxy and the X-ray centroid, providing evidence that the dynamical state affects the cool-core strength of the cluster. Larger SZ-selected samples will be crucial in understanding the evolution of cluster cool cores over cosmic time.
DepartmentKavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research
Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society
Semler, D. R., R. Šuhada, K. A. Aird, M. L. N. Ashby, M. Bautz, M. Bayliss, G. Bazin, et al. “HIGH-REDSHIFT COOL-CORE GALAXY CLUSTERS DETECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL’DOVICH EFFECT IN THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY.” The Astrophysical Journal 761, no. 2 (December 6, 2012): 183. © 2012 American Astronomical Society.
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