Generation, Translocation, and Action of Nitric Oxide in Living Systems
Author(s)Tennyson, Andrew G.; Lippard, Stephen J.
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Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous diatomic radical that is involved in a wide range of physiological and pathological functions in biology. Conceptually, the biochemistry of NO can be separated into three stages: generation (stage 1), translocation (stage 2), and action (stage 3). In stage 1 the oxygenase domain of NO synthase converts L-arginine to L-citrulline and NO (g). Owing to its short-lived nature, this molecule is converted into a different nitrogen oxide such as NO[subscript 2], an organonitrosyl such as a nitrosothiol, or a metal nitrosyl such as a heme-nitrosyl, for transportation in stage 2. Each of these derivatives features unique physical characteristics, chemical reactivity, and biological activity. Upon delivery in stage 3, NO exerts its physiological or pathological function by reaction with biomolecules containing redox-active metals or other residues.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry
Chemistry & Biology
Tennyson, Andrew G., and Stephen J. Lippard. “Generation, Translocation, and Action of Nitric Oxide in Living Systems.” Chemistry & Biology 18, no. 10 (October 2011): 1211–1220. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
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