Energetic ion transport by microturbulence is insignificant in tokamaks
Author(s)Pace, David C.; Austin, M. E.; Bass, E. M.; Budny, R. V.; Heidbrink, W. W.; Hillesheim, J. C.; Holcomb, C. T.; Gorelenkova, M.; Grierson, B. A.; McCune, D. C.; McKee, G. R.; Muscatello, C. M.; Park, J. M.; Petty, C. C.; Rhodes, T. L.; Staebler, G. M.; Suzuki, T.; Van Zeeland, M. A.; Waltz, R. E.; Wang, G.; White, Anne E.; Yan, Z.; Yuan, X.; Zhu, Y. B.; ... Show more Show less
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Energetic ion transport due to microturbulence is investigated in magnetohydrodynamic-quiescent plasmas by way of neutral beam injection in the DIII-D tokamak [J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)]. A range of on-axis and off-axis beam injection scenarios are employed to vary relevant parameters such as the character of the background microturbulence and the value of Eb/Te , where Eb is the energetic ion energy and Te the electron temperature. In all cases, it is found that any transport enhancement due to microturbulence is too small to observe experimentally. These transport effects are modeled using numerical and analytic expectations that calculate the energetic ion diffusivity due to microturbulence. It is determined that energetic ion transport due to coherent fluctuations (e.g., Alfvén eigenmodes) is a considerably larger effect and should therefore be considered more important for ITER.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Physics of Plasmas
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Pace, D. C., M. E. Austin, E. M. Bass, R. V. Budny, W. W. Heidbrink, J. C. Hillesheim, C. T. Holcomb, et al. “Energetic Ion Transport by Microturbulence Is Insignificant in Tokamaks.” Phys. Plasmas 20, no. 5 (2013): 056108.
Final published version