Growth in metals production for rapid photovoltaics deployment
Author(s)Kavlak, Goksin; Jaffe, Robert L.; McNerney, James M.; Trancik, Jessika E.
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If global photovoltaics (PV) deployment grows rapidly, the required input materials need to be supplied at an increasing rate. We quantify the effect of PV deployment levels on the scale of annual metals production. If a thin-film PV technology accounts for 25% of electricity generation in 2030, the annual production of thin-film PV metals would need to grow at rates of 15-30% per year. These rates exceed those observed historically for a wide range of metals. In contrast, for the same level of crystalline silicon PV deployment, the required silicon production growth rate falls within the historical range.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Theoretical Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division
Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC)
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Kavlak, Goksin, James McNerney, Robert L. Jaffe, and Jessika E. Trancik. “Growth in Metals Production for Rapid Photovoltaics Deployment.” 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC) (June 2014).
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