A modeling software linking approach for the analysis of an integrated reforming combined cycle with hot potassium carbonate CO[subscript 2] capture
Author(s)Nord, Lars Olof; Kothandaraman, Anusha; Bolland, Olav; Herzog, Howard J.; McRae, Gregory J.
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The focus of this study is the analysis of an integrated reforming combined cycle (IRCC) with natural gas as fuel input. This IRCC consisted of a hydrogen-fired gas turbine (GT) with a single-pressure steam bottoming cycle for power production. The reforming process section consisted of a pre-reformer and an air-blown auto thermal reformer (ATR) followed by water-gas shift reactors. The air to the ATR was discharged from the GT compressor and boosted up to system pressure by an air booster compressor. For the CO[subscript 2] capture sub-system, a chemical absorption setup was modeled. The design case model was modeled in GT PRO by Thermoflow, and in Aspen Plus. The Aspen Plus simulations consisted of two separate models, one that included the reforming process and the water-gas shift reactors. In this model were also numerous heat exchangers including the whole pre-heating section. Air and CO[subscript 2] compression was also incorporated into the model. As a separate flow sheet the chemical absorption process was modeled as a hot potassium carbonate process. The models were linked by Microsoft Excel. For the CO[subscript 2] capture system the model was not directly linked to Excel but instead a simple separator model was included in the reforming flow sheet with inputs such as split ratios, temperatures, and pressures from the absorption model. Outputs from the potassium model also included pump work and reboiler duty. A main focal point of the study was off-design simulations. For these steady-state off-design simulations GT MASTER by Thermoflow in conjunction with Aspen Plus were used. Also, inputs such as heat exchanger areas, compressor design point, etc., were linked in from the Aspen Plus reforming design model. Results indicate a net plant efficiency of 43.2% with approximately a 2%-point drop for an 80% part load case. Another off-design simulation, at 60% load, was simulated with a net plant efficiency around 39%. The CO[subscript 2] capture rate for all cases was about 86%, except for the reference case which had no CO[subscript 2] capture.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; MIT Energy Initiative
Nord, Lars Olof, Anusha Kothandaraman, Howard Herzog, Greg McRae, and Olav Bolland. “A Modeling Software Linking Approach for the Analysis of an Integrated Reforming Combined Cycle with Hot Potassium Carbonate CO[subscript 2] Capture.” Energy Procedia 1, no. 1 (February 2009): 741–748.
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