Human Intestinal Tissue with Adult Stem Cell Properties Derived from Pluripotent Stem Cells
Author(s)Forster, Ryan; Chiba, Kunitoshi; Schaeffer, Lorian; Regalado, Samuel G.; Lai, Christine S.; Gao, Qing; Kiani, Samira; Farin, Henner F.; Clevers, Hans; Cost, Gregory J.; Chan, Andy; Rebar, Edward J.; Urnov, Fyodor D.; Gregory, Philip D.; Pachter, Lior; Jaenisch, Rudolf; Hockemeyer, Dirk; ... Show more Show less
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Genetically engineered human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have been proposed as a source for transplantation therapies and are rapidly becoming valuable tools for human disease modeling. However, many applications are limited due to the lack of robust differentiation paradigms that allow for the isolation of defined functional tissues. Here, using an endogenous LGR5-GFP reporter, we derived adult stem cells from hPSCs that gave rise to functional human intestinal tissue comprising all major cell types of the intestine. Histological and functional analyses revealed that such human organoid cultures could be derived with high purity and with a composition and morphology similar to those of cultures obtained from human biopsies. Importantly, hPSC-derived organoids responded to the canonical signaling pathways that control self-renewal and differentiation in the adult human intestinal stem cell compartment. This adult stem cell system provides a platform for studying human intestinal disease in vitro using genetically engineered hPSCs.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology; Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
Stem Cell Reports
Forster, Ryan, Kunitoshi Chiba, Lorian Schaeffer, Samuel G. Regalado, Christine S. Lai, Qing Gao, Samira Kiani, et al. “Human Intestinal Tissue with Adult Stem Cell Properties Derived from Pluripotent Stem Cells.” Stem Cell Reports 2, no. 6 (June 2014): 838–852.
Final published version