KINEMATIC DISTANCES TO MOLECULAR CLOUDS IDENTIFIED IN THE GALACTIC RING SURVEY
Author(s)Roman-Duval, Julia; Jackson, James M.; Heyer, Mark; Johnson, Alexis; Rathborne, Jill; Shah, Ronak Y.; Simon, Robert; ... Show more Show less
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Kinematic distances to 750 molecular clouds identified in the [superscript 13]CO J = 1 → 0 Boston University-Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory Galactic Ring Survey (GRS) are derived assuming the Clemens rotation curve of the Galaxy. The kinematic distance ambiguity is resolved by examining the presence of H I self-absorption toward the [superscript 13]CO emission peak of each cloud using the Very Large Array Galactic Plane Survey. We also identify 21 cm continuum sources embedded in the GRS clouds in order to use absorption features in the H I 21 cm continuum to distinguish between near and far kinematic distances. The Galactic distribution of GRS clouds is consistent with a four-arm model of the Milky Way. The locations of the Scutum-Crux and Perseus arms traced by GRS clouds match star-count data from the Galactic Legacy Infrared Mid-Plane Survey Extraordinaire star-count data. We conclude that molecular clouds must form in spiral arms and be short-lived (lifetimes < 10[superscript 7] yr) in order to explain the absence of massive, [superscript 13]CO bright molecular clouds in the interarm space.
Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society
Roman-Duval, Julia, James M. Jackson, Mark Heyer, Alexis Johnson, Jill Rathborne, Ronak Shah, and Robert Simon. “KINEMATIC DISTANCES TO MOLECULAR CLOUDS IDENTIFIED IN THE GALACTIC RING SURVEY.” The Astrophysical Journal 699, no. 2 (June 19, 2009): 1153–1170. © 2009 American Astronomical Society.
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