Ternary metal fluorides as high-energy cathodes with low cycling hysteresis
Author(s)Wang, Feng; Kim, Sung-Wook; Seo, Dong-Hwa; Kang, Kisuk; Wang, Liping; Su, Dong; Vajo, John J.; Wang, John; Graetz, Jason; ... Show more Show less
MetadataShow full item record
Transition metal fluorides are an appealing alternative to conventional intercalation compounds for use as cathodes in next-generation lithium batteries due to their extremely high capacity (3–4 times greater than the current state-of-the-art). However, issues related to reversibility, energy efficiency and kinetics prevent their practical application. Here we report on the synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties of ternary metal fluorides (M[1 over y]M[2 over 1-y]F[subscript x]: M[superscript 1], M[superscript 2]=Fe, Cu), which may overcome these issues. By substituting Cu into the Fe lattice, forming the solid–solution Cu[subscript y]Fe[subscript 1-y]F[subscript 2], reversible Cu and Fe redox reactions are achieved with surprisingly small hysteresis (<150 mV). This finding indicates that cation substitution may provide a new avenue for tailoring key electrochemical properties of conversion electrodes. Although the reversible capacity of Cu conversion fades rapidly, likely due to Cu[superscript +] dissolution, the low hysteresis and high energy suggest that a Cu-based fluoride cathode remains an intriguing candidate for rechargeable lithium batteries.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Nature Publishing Group
Wang, Feng, Sung-Wook Kim, Dong-Hwa Seo, Kisuk Kang, Liping Wang, Dong Su, John J. Vajo, John Wang, and Jason Graetz. “Ternary Metal Fluorides as High-Energy Cathodes with Low Cycling Hysteresis.” Nature Communications 6 (March 26, 2015): 6668. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited
Final published version