Robotic Therapy: The Tipping Point
Author(s)Krebs, Hermano Igo; Hogan, Neville; Krebs, Hermano Igo
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The last two decades have seen a remarkable shift in the neurorehabilitation paradigm. Neuroscientists and clinicians moved away from the perception that the brain is static and hardwired to a new dynamic understanding that plasticity is a fundamental property of the adult human brain and might be harnessed to remap or create new neural pathways. Capitalizing on this innovative understanding, the authors introduced a paradigm shift in the clinical practice in 1989 when they initiated the development of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Manus robot for neurorehabilitation and deployed it in the clinic in 1994 (Krebs et al. 1998). Since then, the authors and others have developed and tested a multitude of robotic devices for stroke, spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson disease. Here, the authors discuss whether robotic therapy has achieved a level of maturity to justify its broad adoption in the clinical realm as a tool for motor recovery.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Krebs, H. I., and N. Hogan. “Robotic Therapy: The Tipping Point.” American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 91 (2012): S290–S297.
Author's final manuscript