A versatile-deployable bacterial detection system for food and environmental safety based on LabTube-automated DNA purification, LabReader-integrated amplification, readout and analysis
Author(s)Hoehl, Melanie M.; Bocholt, Eva Schulte; Kloke, Arne; Paust, Nils; Stetten, Felix von; Zengerle, Roland; Steigert, Juergen; Slocum, Alexander H.; ... Show more Show less
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Contamination of foods is a public health hazard that episodically causes thousands of deaths and sickens millions worldwide. To ensure food safety and quality, rapid, low-cost and easy-to-use detection methods are desirable. Here, the LabSystem is introduced for integrated, automated DNA purification, amplification and detection. It consists of a disposable, centrifugally driven DNA purification platform (LabTube) and a low-cost UV/vis-reader (LabReader). For demonstration of the LabSystem in the context of food safety, purification of Escherichia coli (non-pathogenic E. coli and pathogenic verotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC)) in water and milk and the product-spoiler Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris (A. acidoterrestris) in apple juice was integrated and optimized in the LabTube. Inside the LabReader, the purified DNA was amplified, readout and analyzed using both qualitative isothermal loop-mediated DNA amplification (LAMP) and quantitative real-time PCR. For the LAMP-LabSystem, the combined detection limits for purification and amplification of externally lysed VTEC and A. acidoterrestris are 10[superscript 2]–10[superscript 3] cell-equivalents. In the PCR-LabSystem for E. coli cells, the quantification limit is 10[superscript 2] cell-equivalents including LabTube-integrated lysis. The demonstrated LabSystem only requires a laboratory centrifuge (to operate the disposable, fully closed LabTube) and a low-cost LabReader for DNA amplification, readout and analysis. Compared with commercial DNA amplification devices, the LabReader improves sensitivity and specificity by the simultaneous readout of four wavelengths and the continuous readout during temperature cycling. The use of a detachable eluate tube as an interface affords semi-automation of the LabSystem, which does not require specialized training. It reduces the hands-on time from about 50 to 3 min with only two handling steps: sample input and transfer of the detachable detection tube.
DepartmentHarvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Royal Society of Chemistry
Hoehl, Melanie M., Eva Schulte Bocholt, Arne Kloke, Nils Paust, Felix von Stetten, Roland Zengerle, Juergen Steigert, and Alexander H. Slocum. “A Versatile-Deployable Bacterial Detection System for Food and Environmental Safety Based on LabTube-Automated DNA Purification, LabReader-Integrated Amplification, Readout and Analysis.” Analyst 139, no. 11 (2014): 2788.
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