Application of ECH to the Study of Transport in ITER Baseline Scenario-like Discharges in DIII-D
Author(s)Schmitz, L.; Taylor, G.; Turco, F.; Pinsker, R. I.; Austin, M. E.; Ernst, Darin R.; Garofalo, A. M.; Grierson, B. A.; Hosea, J. C.; Luce, T. C.; Marinoni, Alessandro; McKee, G. R.; Perkins, R. J.; Petty, C. C.; Porkolab, Miklos; Rost, Jon C.; Solomon, W. M.; ... Show more Show less
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Recent DIII-D experiments in the ITER Baseline Scenario (IBS) have shown strong increases in fluctuations and correlated reduction of confinement associated with entering the electron-heating-dominated regime with strong electron cyclotron heating (ECH). The addition of 3.2 MW of 110 GHz EC power deposited at ρ~0.42 to IBS discharges with ~3 MW of neutral beam injection causes large increases in low-k and medium-k turbulent density fluctuations observed with Doppler backscatter (DBS), beam emission spectroscopy (BES) and phase-contrast imaging (PCI) diagnostics, correlated with decreases in the energy, particle, and momentum confinement times. Power balance calculations show the electron heat diffusivity χ[subscript e] increases significantly in the mid-radius region 0.4<ρ<0.8, which is roughly the same region where the DBS and BES diagnostics show the increases in turbulent density fluctuations. Confinement of angular momentum is also reduced during ECH. Studies with the TGYRO transport solver show that the model of turbulent transport embodied in the TGLF code quantitatively reproduces the measured transport in both the neutral beam (NB)-only and in the NB plus EC cases. A simple model of the decrease in toroidal rotation with EC power is set forth, which exhibits a bifurcation in the rotational state of the discharge.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
EPJ Web of Conferences
Pinsker, R.I., M.E. Austin, D.R. Ernst, A.M. Garofalo, B.A. Grierson, J.C. Hosea, T.C. Luce, et al. “Application of ECH to the Study of Transport in ITER Baseline Scenario-Like Discharges in DIII-D.” Edited by S. Kubo. EPJ Web of Conferences 87 (2015): 02003.
Final published version