Targeted DNA degradation using a CRISPR device stably carried in the host genome
Author(s)Caliando, Brian J.; Voigt, Christopher A.
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Once an engineered organism completes its task, it is useful to degrade the associated DNA to reduce environmental release and protect intellectual property. Here we present a genetically encoded device (DNAi) that responds to a transcriptional input and degrades user-defined DNA. This enables engineered regions to be obscured when the cell enters a new environment. DNAi is based on type-IE CRISPR biochemistry and a synthetic CRISPR array defines the DNA target(s). When the input is on, plasmid DNA is degraded 10[superscript 8]-fold. When the genome is targeted, this causes cell death, reducing viable cells by a factor of 10[superscript 8]. Further, the CRISPR nuclease can direct degradation to specific genomic regions (for example, engineered or inserted DNA), which could be used to complicate recovery and sequencing efforts. DNAi can be stably carried in an engineered organism, with no impact on cell growth, plasmid stability or DNAi inducibility even after passaging for >2 months.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Synthetic Biology Center
Nature Publishing Group
Caliando, Brian J., and Christopher A. Voigt. “Targeted DNA Degradation Using a CRISPR Device Stably Carried in the Host Genome.” Nature Communications 6 (May 19, 2015): 6989. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited
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