Halo-independent direct detection analyses without mass assumptions
Author(s)Anderson, Adam J.; Fox, Patrick J.; Kahn, Yonatan Frederick; McCullough, Matthew P.
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Results from direct detection experiments are typically interpreted by employing an assumption about the dark matter velocity distribution, with results presented in the mχ−σ[subscript n] plane. Recently methods which are independent of the DM halo velocity distribution have been developed which present results in the v[subscript min]−g̃ plane, but these in turn require an assumption on the dark matter mass. Here we present an extension of these halo-independent methods for dark matter direct detection which does not require a fiducial choice of the dark matter mass. With a change of variables from v[subscript min] to nuclear recoil momentum (p[subscript R]), the full halo-independent content of an experimental result for any dark matter mass can be condensed into a single plot as a function of a new halo integral variable, which we call h̃(p[subscript R]). The entire family of conventional halo-independent g̃(v[subscript min]) plots for all DM masses are directly found from the single h̃(p[subscript R]) plot through a simple rescaling of axes. By considering results in h̃(p[subscript R]) space, one can determine if two experiments are inconsistent for all masses and all physically possible halos, or for what range of dark matter masses the results are inconsistent for all halos, without the necessity of multiple g̃(v[subscript min]) plots for different DM masses. We conduct a sample analysis comparing the CDMS II Si events to the null results from LUX, XENON10, and SuperCDMS using our method and discuss how the results can be strengthened by imposing the physically reasonable requirement of a finite halo escape velocity.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Theoretical Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Laboratory for Nuclear Science
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Institute of Physics Publishing/SISSA
Anderson, Adam J., Patrick J. Fox, Yonatan Kahn, and Matthew McCullough. “Halo-Independent Direct Detection Analyses Without Mass Assumptions.” Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 2015, no. 10 (October 1, 2015): 012–012.
Final published version