Disorder enabled band structure engineering of a topological insulator surface
Author(s)Xu, Yishuai; Chiu, Janet; Miao, Lin; He, Haowei; Kapitulnik, A.; Biswas, Rudro R.; Wray, L. Andrew; Alpichshev, Zhanybek; ... Show more Show less
MetadataShow full item record
Three-dimensional topological insulators are bulk insulators with Z2 topological electronic order that gives rise to conducting light-like surface states. These surface electrons are exceptionally resistant to localization by non-magnetic disorder, and have been adopted as the basis for a wide range of proposals to achieve new quasiparticle species and device functionality. Recent studies have yielded a surprise by showing that in spite of resisting localization, topological insulator surface electrons can be reshaped by defects into distinctive resonance states. Here we use numerical simulations and scanning tunnelling microscopy data to show that these resonance states have significance well beyond the localized regime usually associated with impurity bands. At native densities in the model Bi₂X₃ (X=Bi, Te) compounds, defect resonance states are predicted to generate a new quantum basis for an emergent electron gas that supports diffusive electrical transport.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Nature Publishing Group
Xu, Yishuai; Chiu, Janet; Miao, Lin; He, Haowei; Alpichshev, Zhanybek; Kapitulnik, A.; Biswas, Rudro R. and Wray, L. Andrew. “Disorder Enabled Band Structure Engineering of a Topological Insulator Surface.” Nature Communications 8 (February 2017): 14081 © 2017 The Author(s)
Final published version