Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables discovery of novel microbial lineages from complex environmental samples
Author(s)Yu, Feiqiao Brian; Schulz, Frederik; Woyke, Tanja; Horowitz, Mark A; Quake, Stephen R; Blainey, Paul C; ... Show more Show less
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Metagenomics and single-cell genomics have enabled genome discovery from unknown branches of life. However, extracting novel genomes from complex mixtures of metagenomic data can still be challenging and represents an ill-posed problem which is generally approached with ad hoc methods. Here we present a microfluidic-based mini-metagenomic method which offers a statistically rigorous approach to extract novel microbial genomes while preserving single-cell resolution. We used this approach to analyze two hot spring samples from Yellowstone National Park and extracted 29 new genomes, including three deeply branching lineages. The single-cell resolution enabled accurate quantification of genome function and abundance, down to 1% in relative abundance. Our analyses of genome level SNP distributions also revealed low to moderate environmental selection. The scale, resolution, and statistical power of microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics make it a powerful tool to dissect the genomic structure of microbial communities while effectively preserving the fundamental unit of biology, the single cell.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering
eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
Yu, Feiqiao Brian et al. “Microfluidic-Based Mini-Metagenomics Enables Discovery of Novel Microbial Lineages from Complex Environmental Samples.” eLife 6 (July 2017): e26580 © 2017 Yu et al
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