Electron transmission through suspended graphene membranes measured with a low-voltage gated Si field emitter array
Author(s)Rughoobur, Girish; Jain, Lay; Akinwande, Akintunde I
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We experimentally demonstrate the transmission of electrons through different number (1, 2, and 5) of suspended graphene layers at electron energies between 20 and 250 eV. Electrons with initial energies lower than 40 eV are generated using silicon field emitter arrays with 1 μm pitch, and accelerated towards the graphene layers supported by a silicon nitride grid biased at voltages from −20 to 200 V. We measured significant increase in current collected at the anode with the presence of graphene, which is attributed to the possible generation of secondary electrons by primary electrons impinging on the graphene membrane. Highest output current was recorded with monolayer graphene at approximately 90 eV, with up to 1.7 times the incident current. The transparency of graphene to low-energy electrons and its impermeability to gas molecules could enable low-voltage field emission electron sources, which often require ultra-high vacuum, to operate in a relatively poor vacuum environment.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Microsystems Technology Laboratories
Rughoobur, Girish et al. "Electron transmission through suspended graphene membranes measured with a low-voltage gated Si field emitter array." Nanotechnology 32, 28 (April 2021): 285201. © 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd
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