Development of a polarized 3He++ ion source for the EIC
Author(s)Musgrave, M; Milner, R; Atoian, G; Beebe, E; Ikeda, S; Kondrashev, S; Okamura, M; Poblaguev, A; Raparia, D; Ritter, J; Trabocchi, S; Zelenski, A; Maxwell, J; ... Show more Show less
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© Owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). The capability of accelerating a high-intensity polarized 3He ion beam would provide an effective polarized neutron beam for new high-energy QCD studies of nucleon structure. This development is essential for the future Electron Ion Collider, which could use a polarized 3He ion beam to probe the spin structure of the neutron. The proposed polarized 3He ion source is based on the Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) currently in operation at Brookhaven National Laboratory. 3He gas would be polarized within the 5 T field of the EBIS solenoid via Metastability Exchange Optical Pumping (MEOP) and then pulsed into the EBIS vacuum and drift tube system where the 3He will be ionized by the 10 Amp electron beam. The goal of the polarized 3He ion source is to achieve 2.5 × 1011 3He++/pulse at 70% polarization. An upgrade of the EBIS is currently underway. An absolute polarimeter and spin-rotator is being developed to measure the 3He ion polarization at 6 MeV after initial acceleration out of the EBIS. The source is being developed through collaboration between BNL and MIT.