Studies of turbulence and transport in Alcator C-Mod H-mode plasmas with phase contrast imaging and comparisons with GYRO
Author(s)Lin, Liang; Porkolab, Miklos; Edlund, Eric Matthias; Rost, Jon C.; Fiore, Catherine L.; Greenwald, Martin J.; Mikkelsen, David; Tsujii, Naoto; Wukitch, Stephen James; ... Show more Show less
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Recent advances in gyrokinetic simulation of core turbulence and associated transport requires an intensified experimental effort to validate these codes using state of the art synthetic diagnostics to compare simulations with experimental data. A phase contrast imaging (PCI) diagnostic [M. Porkolab, J. C. Rost, N. Basse et al., IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 229 (2006)] is used to study H-mode plasmas in Alcator C-Mod [M. Greenwald, D. Andelin, N. Basse et al., Nucl. Fusion 45, S109 (2005)]. The PCI system is capable of measuring density fluctuations with high temporal (2 kHz–5 MHz) and wavenumber (0.5–55 cm[superscript −1]) resolution. Recent upgrades have enabled PCI to localize the short wavelength turbulence in the electron temperature gradient range and resolve the direction of propagation (i.e., electron versus ion diamagnetic direction) of the longer wavelength turbulence in the ion temperature gradient (ITG) and trapped electron mode range. The studies focus on plasmas before and during internal transport barrier formation in an enhanced Dalpha H-mode plasma assisted with ion cyclotron resonance frequency heating. Nonlinear GYRO simulations have also been performed [J. Candy and R. E. Waltz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 045001 (2003)] and the predicted fluctuation is compared against experimental measurements through a synthetic PCI diagnostic method. The simulated fluctuations from GYRO agree with experimental measurements in the ITG regime. GYRO also shows good agreement in transport predictions with experimental measurements after reducing the ion temperature gradient (~15%) and adding E×B shear suppression, all within the experimental uncertainty.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Plasma Science and Fusion Center
Physics of Plasmas
American Institute of Physics
Lin, L. et al. “Studies of turbulence and transport in Alcator C-Mod H-mode plasmas with phase contrast imaging and comparisons with GYRO.” Physics of Plasmas 16.1 (2009): 012502-9. ©2009 American Institute of Physics.
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