Chemically driven carbon-nanotube-guided thermopower waves
Author(s)Choi, Wonjoon; Hong, Seunghyun; Abrahamson, Joel T.; Han, Jae-Hee; Song, Changsik; Nair, Nitish; Baik, Seunghyun; Strano, Michael S.; ... Show more Show less
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Theoretical calculations predict that by coupling an exothermic chemical reaction with a nanotube or nanowire possessing a high axial thermal conductivity, a self-propagating reactive wave can be driven along its length. Herein, such waves are realized using a 7-nm cyclotrimethylene trinitramine annular shell around a multiwalled carbon nanotube and are amplified by more than 10[superscript 4] times the bulk value, propagating faster than 2 m s[superscript −1], with an effective thermal conductivity of 1.28±0.2 kW m[superscript −1] K[superscript −1] at 2,860 K. This wave produces a concomitant electrical pulse of disproportionately high specific power, as large as 7 kW kg[superscript −1], which we identify as a thermopower wave. Thermally excited carriers flow in the direction of the propagating reaction with a specific power that scales inversely with system size. The reaction also evolves an anisotropic pressure wave of high total impulse per mass (300 N s kg[superscript −1]). Such waves of high power density may find uses as unique energy sources.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Nature Publishing Group
Choi, Wonjoon et al. “Chemically Driven Carbon-nanotube-guided Thermopower Waves.” Nature Materials 9.5 (2010): 423–429.
Author's final manuscript