Evolution and Hydrodynamics of the Very-Broad X-ray Line Emission in SN1987A
Author(s)Dewey, Dan; Dwarkadas, V. V.; Haberl, F.; Sturm, R.; Canizares, Claude R.
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Observations of SN 1987A by the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating (HETG) in 1999 and the XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) in 2003 show very broad (v-b) lines with a full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of order 10[superscript 4] km s[superscript –1]; at these times the blast wave (BW) was primarily interacting with the H II region around the progenitor. Since then, the X-ray emission has been increasingly dominated by narrower components as the BW encounters dense equatorial ring (ER) material. Even so, continuing v-b emission is seen in the grating spectra suggesting that the interaction with H II region material is ongoing. Based on the deep HETG 2007 and 2011 data sets, and confirmed by RGS and other HETG observations, the v-b component has a width of 9300 ± 2000 km s[superscript –1] FWHM and contributes of order 20% of the current 0.5-2 keV flux. Guided by this result, SN 1987A's X-ray spectra are modeled as the weighted sum of the non-equilibrium-ionization emission from two simple one-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations; this "2 × 1D" model reproduces the observed radii, light curves, and spectra with a minimum of free parameters. The interaction with the H II region (ρinit ≈ 130 amu cm[superscript –3], ± 15° opening angle) produces the very broad emission lines and most of the 3-10 keV flux. Our ER hydrodynamics, admittedly a crude approximation to the multi-D reality, gives ER densities of ~10[superscript 4] amu cm[superscript –3], requires dense clumps (×5.5 density enhancement in ~30% of the volume), and predicts that the 0.5-2 keV flux will drop at a rate of ~17% per year once no new dense ER material is being shocked.
Author Manuscript 20 Apr 2012.
Departmentdelete; MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research
Dewey, D. et al. “EVOLUTION AND HYDRODYNAMICS OF THE VERY BROAD X-RAY LINE EMISSION IN SN 1987A.” The Astrophysical Journal 752.2 (2012): 103. © 2012 IOP Publishing
Author's final manuscript