Photonic-Band-Gap Traveling-Wave Gyrotron Amplifier
Author(s)Nanni, Emilio Alessandro; Lewis, Samantha M.; Shapiro, Michael; Griffin, Robert Guy; Temkin, Richard J.
MetadataShow full item record
We report the experimental demonstration of a gyrotron traveling-wave-tube amplifier at 250 GHz that uses a photonic band gap (PBG) interaction circuit. The gyrotron amplifier achieved a peak small signal gain of 38 dB and 45 W output power at 247.7 GHz with an instantaneous −3 dB bandwidth of 0.4 GHz. The amplifier can be tuned for operation from 245–256 GHz. The widest instantaneous −3 dB bandwidth of 4.5 GHz centered at 253.25 GHz was observed with a gain of 24 dB. The PBG circuit provides stability from oscillations by supporting the propagation of transverse electric (TE) modes in a narrow range of frequencies, allowing for the confinement of the operating TE[subscript 03]-like mode while rejecting the excitation of oscillations at nearby frequencies. This experiment achieved the highest frequency of operation for a gyrotron amplifier; at present, there are no other amplifiers in this frequency range that are capable of producing either high gain or high output power. This result represents the highest gain observed above 94 GHz and the highest output power achieved above 140 GHz by any conventional-voltage vacuum electron device based amplifier.
DepartmentFrancis Bitter National Magnet Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemistry; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Plasma Science and Fusion Center; MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
Nanni, E., S. Lewis, M. Shapiro, R. Griffin, and R. Temkin. “Photonic-Band-Gap Traveling-Wave Gyrotron Amplifier.” Physical Review Letters 111, no. 23 (December 2013). © 2013 American Physical Society
Final published version